King Edward I was known as Longshanks because of his extraordinary height. Medieval Welsh folk had a few less complimentary names for him. He certainly had a rather brusque way of dealing with planning disputes.
Back in 1295 when he started building Beaumaris Castle, he didn’t bother consulting the neighbouring village of Llanfaes. He forcibly moved the entire population 14 miles away to Newborough.
Beaumaris was the last of his “iron ring” of castles along the North Wales coast. Technically perfect and constructed to an ingenious “walls within walls” plan, it was the 13th century high-tech equivalent of a spaceship landing unceremoniously on Anglesey today.